During active data gathering and analysis, it is vital to regularly back up your files. Computers fail or may be hacked, with serious repercussions. While the locations of your backups needs to be convenient, so you use them, those locations also needs to be secure, especially if you are working with sensitive files.
The rule of 3-2-1 provides a useful guide to backing up your data: Store 3 copies of your data and documentation in at least 2 storage media, with 1 of those media housed off-site.
Encryption is a process of securing digital information so that it is only readable by people with the correct authorization. Typically this authorization is a password. Medium or high risk data (containing confidential or individually identifiable information) stored on a device connected to the internet should be encrypted. Data stored on a cloud storage platform such as OneDrive or Dropbox must be encrypted.
Storage options for solo research
Storage options for collaborative research