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Video essays and digital storytelling

A guide for creating video or multimedia projects for assignments.


Copyright considerations

If your production includes audio/video/or images created by others, you need to ensure you are adhering to Canadian copyright law.  Refer to the Copyright Basics and Fair Dealing guide from RRU's Copyright Office. 

Creating credits for video essays

Best Practices for Creating Credits in Video Essays
Scrolling credits are not ideal for most video essay projects, especially when using an academic citation style. A better option is to use series of 4-second static slides at the end of the video to attribute the sources used.

Sources from Your Bibliography
You should group your sources by category, with a separate slide for each category: “Research Sources,” “Image/Video Sources,” and “Audio Sources.”

For individual citations, please follow APA style as outlined by the Writing Centre.  Questions about citations should be addressed to:

This segment copied and edited with permission from: Tufts University. (2014). Creating credits - Multimedia production guide.  Medford, MA. Retrieved from

Production credits

Although production credits will fit nicely on its own slide following the bibliographic sources, there is a bit more freedom with how you stylize the production credits. At a minimum, you should still include these components:

Individual Credits. If you are working as a group, you should include each individual and their respective role in the production. If it was a single-person project, the convention is to list a person’s name only once, even with multiple titles (e.g.,  “Written and Produced by [your name]”).

Purpose. A short statement such as, “This video was produced for [course name] at [institution’s name] in [year]” will suffice.

This segment copied with permission from Tufts University's Multimedia Production Guide: Creating Credits for Video Essays.


Tufts University. (2023). Creating credits for video essays.