Consider the testimony of Ibn Khaldun about how to reason:
Ibn Khaldun: The necessity of knowledge as a pre-requisite (for the institution of the imamate) is obvious. The imam can execute the divine laws only if he knows them. Those he does not know, he cannot properly present. His knowledge is satisfactory only if he is able to make independent decisions. Blind acceptance of tradition is a shortcoming, and the imamate requires perfection in all qualities and conditions. (Khaldun, 1967/2005, p. 158)
Note that for the jurist knowledge alone is inadequate. Knowledge becomes satisfactory only when the jurist can render independent decisions. This is because anyone with basic literacy skills can read or recite or repeat from a book and therefore "know" a principle. So too you, as a researcher attempting to use case data to draw conclusions on grounds of practical reasoning, need to do more than
Instead: you need to be able to think independently. How do you that? Again: the parables show you the way.
Regard: Not thinking independently, i.e. blindly accepting the news of the world, was the mistake of the director depicted in the parables
Thinking independently requires that you use two important discursive strategies: inference and analogy.
Umar's letter to Abu Musa on his appointment as judge in al-Kufah (Khaldun, 1967/2005):
Use your brain (emphasis mine) about mattters which perplex you and to which neither Qur'an nor Sunnah seem to apply. Study similar cases and evaluate the situation through analogy with them (p. 173).
Paraphrasing Umar: Use your brain--please, please use your brain instead of merely reciting from the course texts--about matters which perplex you and to which neither your own experience nor the research literature seem to apply (at least on their face).
Do this: evaluate the situation described in the case through analogy and inference with the findings of the research literature and with the situations depicted in the research literature. Analogy and inference are your tools.
For example: Baym describes a special interest group (people who enjoy soap operas) that uses a newsgroup as the basis for community.
This is how practical reasoning (and legal reasoning) works: when confronted by a novel issue or challenge, you do not simply give up or shut down.
Your conclusions are hypotheses. Were you to go a step further in your research you would begin to develop a research design--e.g. an experiment or a observations in the field--to test your hypothesis. But for the purposes of this course your task is only to develop hypotheses in the form of the recommendations specified in your case reports.
Khaldun, I. (2005). The Muqaddimah: An introduction to history (F. Rosenthal, Trans.). Princeton University Press. (Originally published 1967)