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English as a Foreign Language: Teaching Tips



  • Model the use of referencing in your lecture/classes
  • When discussing readings, point out where the author supported or acknowledged ideas and references them.
  • Develop task for students to evaluate and analyze ideas to help them understand what is to be cited.

Encourage group participation

  • Pose questions in advance so students have time to prepare
  • Set questions with reading material;
  • Make expectations about class participation clear, esp. if it is part of their mark;
  • Ask students about their experience in relation to the issue;
  • Assign roles to everyone in the group: discussion leader, timekeeper, note-taker, person who reports back, etc;.
  • Create group activites that require diversity of experience and opinion.

Teaching Tips

Strategies and approaches to assist international students in a western academic setting:

  • Internationalize the curriculum;
  • Make lectures accessible in a variety of formats
  • Encourage participation in small group work
  • Adopt an educative approach to plagiarism
  • Support students in developing critical thinking skills
  • Explain assessment expectations

Adapted from:

Internationalize the Curriculum


  • Offer content with different international perspectives
  • Connect students to international research
  • Frame or contextualize local issues in a global framework


Make lectures accessible in a variety of formats


  • Add a concept map
  • Create an outline
  • Define key concepts
  • Summarize  or review important points as you go along in the lecture
  • Record the lecture and/or allow students to record
  • Provide  a print copy for follow up by student

Critical Thinking Skills

  • Ask both literal (describe, define, explain) and applied (evaluate, compare assess) meaning questions.
  • Relate discussions to theory/concepts
  • Assign students to be the judge